Temporomandibular joint – TMJ
The TMJ acts like a sliding hinge, connecting your jawbone to your skull. This is connected by one joint on each side of your jaw. TMJ disorders can cause pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement. Signs that you may have TMJ related issues are as follows:
- Pain or tenderness of your jaw.
- Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints.
- Aching pain in and around your ear.
- Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing.
- Aching facial pain.
- Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth.
A large muscle in the face that runs from the temporal bone (near the temples) to the lower jaw line. Chewing gum, clenching and grinding at night or through the day caused this muscle to become enlarged. Common signs that the Massetter’s could be the source of your pain are as follows:
- Teeth grinding or clenching, which may be loud enough to wake up your sleep partner
- Teeth that are flattened, fractured, chipped or loose
- Worn tooth enamel, exposing deeper layers of your tooth
- Increased tooth pain or sensitivity
- Tired or tight jaw muscles, or a locked jaw that won’t open or close completely
- Jaw, neck or face pain or soreness
- Pain that feels like an earache, though it’s actually not a problem with your ear
- Dull headache starting in the temples
- Damage from chewing on the inside of your cheek
- Sleep disruption
Not as commonly known is the Trigeminal Nerve this is the largest and most complex nerve that branches off the spine onto the face.
It supplies sensations to the face, mucous membranes, and other structures of the head. It is the motor nerve for the muscles for chewing.
Common signs that the Trieminal Nerve could be the source of your pain are as follows:
- Episodes of severe, shooting or jabbing pain that may feel like an electric shock
- Spontaneous attacks of pain or attacks triggered by things such as touching the face, chewing, speaking or brushing teeth
- Bouts of pain lasting from a few seconds to several minutes
- Episodes of several attacks lasting days, weeks, months or longer — some people have periods when they experience no pain
- Constant aching, burning feeling that may occur before it evolves into the spasm-like pain of trigeminal neuralgia
- Pain in areas supplied by the trigeminal nerve, including the cheek, jaw, teeth, gums, lips, or less often the eye and forehead
- Pain affecting one side of the face at a time, though may rarely affect both sides of the face
- Pain focused in one spot or spread in a wider pattern
- Attacks that become more frequent and intense over time
Tension headaches and Migraine relief:
Migraines are a neurological condition that can cause multiple symptoms. It’s characterised by intense, debilitating headaches. It is still unknown what actually causes a migraine, however the triggers of a migraine are widely known.
- Headaches that last longer then 4-72 hours
- Aura : Visual disturbances, bright zigzag lines, flashing lights difficult focusing or blind spots
- Flu like symptoms
- Pain and or tightness in the face neck shoulders
- tingling, pins and needles or numbness or even one-sided limb weakness
- speech disturbance
- aggravated by movement
- problems with articulation or co-ordination